An Interview with Eric Foner about his new book:  The Second Founding:  How the Civil War and Reconstruction Remade the Constitution

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Sara Gabbard:  Please explain the significance of the fact that “Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation” was added to the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments. Eric Foner:  The fact that each of the Reconstruction amendments ends with a section empowering Congress to enforce its provisions illustrates the radical change in […]

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Lincoln’s Clemency: The Policy Limits

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Abraham Lincoln has a well-deserved reputation as a merciful man who liberally exercised his presidential pardoning power. John Hay was “amused at the eagerness with which the President caught at any fact which would justify him in saving the life” of a condemned man.[1] Judge Advocate General Joseph Holt, his chief advisor on military trials, […]

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Robert Lincoln Writes About The End of His Mother’s Estrangement

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Robert T Lincoln LFA-0092; Mary Lincoln LFA-0496 One of the most common questions asked about the relationship between Mary Lincoln and her oldest son Robert is whether they ever reconciled after becoming estranged due to Mary’s commitment to Bellevue Place Sanitarium in 1875. The answer is yes, but it took five years. I have previously […]

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An Interview with Richard Striner

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An Interview with Richard Striner regarding His New Book: Summoned to Glory: The Audacious Life of Abraham Lincoln (Rowman & Littlefield, 2020) Sara Gabbard: The obvious first question should be about your use of the word Audacious in the title.  When did you first realize that this word represented the conclusions of your study? Richard […]

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An Interview with Allen Guelzo 

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Sara Gabbard: When you are “on the road” lecturing about Lincoln and the Civil War, what questions do members of the audience ask most frequently? Do responses from your students reflect the same interests?    Allen Guelzo: Far and away, the most-frequently-asked question I encounter from audiences is, “Would things have been different if Lincoln had […]

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Lincoln, The Founders, and the Rights of Human Nature

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If they had bumper stickers for carriages back in Lincoln’s day, his would say: “I ❤ the American Founding.” It’s true that one can see the influences of the Bible, Shakespeare, and later political examples like John Quincy Adams, Daniel Webster, and Henry Clay in Lincoln’s speeches.  But there was no greater influence on Abraham […]

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Reconstruction: What Went Wrong?

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By Hon. Frank J. Williams Winning on the battlefield may be relatively “easy” compared to winning the peace afterward.   Abraham Lincoln was a political genius in keeping together conservatives, moderates and Radicals during the American Civil War, especially after he found generals who could win battles.  But things change and the longer that time passes, […]

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Lincoln’s Domestic Policy

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Toward a More Modest Conception of the Presidency by Jon D. Schaff Charles and Mary Beard, in The Rise of American Civilization, make the claim that the Civil War constituted a “Second American Revolution.” The noted historian James McPherson, in his book self-consciously titled Abraham Lincoln and the Second American Revolution, echoes the Beards’ conclusion. […]

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An Assessment of Thomas Lincoln

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An Interview with Daniel Cravens Taylor Sara Gabbard:  Please trace the Lincoln family’s journey from England to Virginia. Daniel Cravens Taylor: President Lincoln was not familiar with his family history in early life. As he approached his campaign for the presidency, Lincoln knew his father and mother came from Virginia but considered them to be […]

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Marx and Lincoln

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Marx and Lincoln by Jeffery R. Kerr-Ritchie Karl Marx, Public Domain In November 1864, Abraham Lincoln was re-elected president of the United States. Numerous bodies outside America welcomed his re-election. One such was the International Working Men’s Association (IWMA). The IWMA was officially founded on September 28, 1864, at St. Martin’s Hall in central London. […]

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